The Canadian dollar offered rate, a crucial benchmark for a wide range of financial products, will cease to be published in June 2024, marking Canada’s transition to a new benchmark rate system following a major international scandal. rate rigging ten years ago.
The decision, announced by Refinitiv on Monday, amounts to a significant change in the country’s financial plumbing. CDOR has been used since the 1980s and underpins more than $20 trillion in financial contracts.
The end of CDOR is part of a global shift from benchmark rates derived from bank surveys to benchmark rates derived from market transaction data.
This change follows a scandal in the UK involving the London Inter-Bank Offered Rate (LIBOR). A 2012 investigation found that a number of UK and European banks – including Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, Deutsche Bank and UBS – had worked together to misreport financial data, manipulating LIBOR at their own expense. advantage.
The revelations have resulted in billions of dollars in fines and sparked a global effort to improve benchmark rates that underpin billions of dollars in financial contracts. Regulators began phasing out the use of LIBOR last year.
There is no evidence that CDOR has ever been manipulated. But the Canadian Alternate Benchmark Task Force, which was established in 2018 to examine the future of CDOR, determined that CDOR had several weaknesses and that Canada would be better off switching to another benchmark.
CDOR, which is published by financial data firm Refinitiv, is calculated based on bankers’ acceptances (BAs): a type of short-term loan that banks offer to business customers. It represents the rate that Canadian banks are willing to lend to existing customers through bankers’ acceptances. Refinitiv collects CDOR data by surveying the six major banks in Canada.
Although originally intended as a benchmark for BA loans, CDOR has become a benchmark for a wide range of financial contracts, primarily derivatives such as interest rate swaps.
The problem with CDOR is twofold, according to the working group, which published a white paper on the issue in December. It relies on the individual judgment of bankers who respond to Refinitiv’s surveys, which “means it lacks transparency compared to other benchmarks,” the task force wrote.
Additionally, the BA market is shrinking in Canada due to broader changes in financial regulations.
“A small number of BA transactions are used to determine a benchmark that affects valuations of trillions of dollars of exposure in the Canadian financial system. This situation will be exacerbated in the future as the number of bankers’ acceptances sold in the market declines,” the group wrote.
Refinitiv announced on Monday that it will stop publishing CDOR in June 2024. Regulators expect the CDOR transition to occur in two phases. No new CDOR-related contracts are expected to be created after June 2023, and no CDOR-related contracts are expected to be outstanding after June 2024.
In the future, financial contracts should refer to the Canadian Overnight Average Repo Rate (CORRA) instead of CDOR. CORRA is a market-based measure calculated on the basis of overnight lending between commercial banks. The Bank of Canada collects and publishes CORRA.
“CDOR has long been a basic benchmark in Canada,” Bank of Canada Governor Tiff Macklem said in a statement Monday. “The end of its publication is an important step in the global migration to risk-free rates, which will help our financial system remain robust and resilient in the decades to come.”
Your time is valuable. Receive the Top Business Headlines newsletter in your inbox morning or evening. register today.